Difference between revisions of "Metaphysics"

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“Metaphysics is that branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the universe as a whole.” ([[OPAR]], p.3)
 
“Metaphysics is that branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the universe as a whole.” ([[OPAR]], p.3)
  

Revision as of 18:25, 7 April 2005

“Metaphysics is that branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the universe as a whole.” (OPAR, p.3)

All of Objectivism rests on Objectivist metaphysics The key tenets of the Objectivist metaphysics are (1) the Primacy of Existence, (2) the Law of Identity (Aristotle's "A is A"), and (3) the Axiom of Self-Consciousness. In addition, (4) the Law of Causality is a corollary of the Law of Identity. The Primacy of Existence states that reality (the universe, that which is) exists independently of human consciousness. The Law of Identity states that anything that exists is qualitatively determinate, that is, has a fixed, finite nature. The Axiom of Self-Consciousness is the proposition that one is conscious. The Law of Causality states that things act in accordance with their natures. These propositions are all held in Objectivism to be axiomatic. According to Objectivism, the proof of a proposition's being axiomatic is that it is both (a) self-evident and (b) cannot coherently be denied, because any argument against the proposition would have to suppose its truth.


Possible references:

  • ITOE: Chapter 6
  • FNI: 124-125, 154-155
  • PWNI: “The Metaphysical versus the Man-Made”
  • OPAR: Chapter 1