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Following the definition in OPAR ch. 5, certainty refers to a particular point on the continuum of knowledge: 'A conclusion is "certain" when the evidence in its favor is conclusive...the total of the available evidence points in a single direction...there is nothing to suggest even the possibility of another interpretation. There are, therefore, no longer any grounds for doubt.' (OPAR p. 179).

Integration Hint:

Grounds for doubt do not include Arbitrary claims.

Epistemology Topics
Senses | Consciousness | Volition | Concepts: Unit, Concept-Formation
Objectivity | Knowledge: Context, Hierarchy | Reason: Certainty, Truth, the Arbitrary | Emotions